HYGIENE POINT

Andreas Winter
Ayoub Azzabi
Professur
Architectural Design and Participation
Projektarbeit
The awareness of hygiene is important all over the world – especially since the Covid-19 pandemic changed life on the planet. The lack of knowledge about hygiene still causes many problems in the global south. Contaminated water and poor sanitation are linked to the transmission of diseases. Absent, inadequate, or inappropriately managed water and sanitation services expose individuals to preventable health risks. The Chair of Architectural Design and Participation has been contacted by Aktion Pit - Togohilfe e.V.; an association active in the health sector, school education, child aid and village development in Togo since 1980. This NGO is working closely with 10 villages and has a strong network, including doctors, medical assistants and volunteers. The task was to design a Hygiene Point for five of these villages.
The lack of clean water and sanitation facilities is life-threatening, particularly for children, and continues to be a main cause of a high child mortality in many developing countries. The Hygiene Duct counters these inhumane circumstances. For architecture to endure extreme environments, such as the mountain village of Illico, Togo, it must be planned and implemented pragmatically and functionally. Therefor the design keeps the complexity of the structure, as well as the construction and maintenance effort to a minimum. The functional shell of the individual modules is comprised of a steel structure, wrapped with vertically aligned eucalyptus wood battens, resting on concrete foundations. Whilst the overhanging corrugated iron roofs provide shade and shelter. The sum of the aligned individual modules, containing the hygiene and sanitary facilities, form an elongated linear system, which – thanks to the gradient – transports the rainwater from the tanks to the respective place of consumption without the use of mechanics. The linear design is headed by a multifunctional space, serving as an education space for the children of the neighbouring school, as well as a community space for cultural events. The hygiene duct intends to spread improved hygiene practices in the community, through the theoretical, but above all practical hygiene education of children.
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