HYGIENE POINT – mojo of water

Marlene Stechl
Anton Gerl
Cäcilia Halbgewachs
Professur
Architectural Design and Participation
Projektarbeit
The awareness of hygiene is important all over the world – especially since the Covid-19 pandemic changed life on the planet. The lack of knowledge about hygiene still causes many problems in the global south. Contaminated water and poor sanitation are linked to the transmission of diseases. Absent, inadequate, or inappropriately managed water and sanitation services expose individuals to preventable health risks. The Chair of Architectural Design and Participation has been contacted by Aktion Pit - Togohilfe e.V.; an association active in the health sector, school education, child aid and village development in Togo since 1980. This NGO is working closely with 10 villages and has a strong network, including doctors, medical assistants and volunteers. The task was to design a Hygiene Point for five of these villages.
The Hygiene Point is designed for the Village Djegbakondji. The area of the village, near to the school, the canteen and also a soccer field, forms an area of gathering and meeting, for which the Hygiene Point can directly contribute but also benefit from the existing sense of community. The orientation of the latrines to the east of the village boundaries minimises the formation of odours due to the wind from the south-west. The maximum distance for Djegbakondji‘s 1050 inhabitants is 1 kilometer and therefore should be within 10 to 15 minutes walking distance for everyone. In the northern part of the Hygiene Point is the main structure with a central rainwater harvesting system surrounded by supporting facilities, such as a washing and a shower facility, an individual room that can be used for educational purposes and space to collect water from the deep well. All the surrounding roofs channel the water to the central roof, which acts like a funnel by directing the water into a water tank. The structure is based on a system of pillars, which allows the floor plan to be played freely. The pillars are made of clay bricks with a reinforced concrete core in the center. It is supported by a ring beam and wooden roof structures, which span over several beams and allow different inclinations and heights thanks to wooden wing constructions.
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