Einfluss von Architektur auf Gesundheit und Verhalten

Spatial Arts and Lightning Design
research paper

Everyone of us knows buildings in which we like to spend time and others which we tend to avoid. In architectural psychology, we call this influence of architecture on how we feel, in this case likes or dislikes, “affective architectural quality”. The question of whether this affective quality can be used consciously to control human behaviour has been a matter of concern to a wide range of disciplines for centuries. From a scientific point of view, however, it is still largely unanswered.

The project “Influence of architecture on health and behaviour” attempts to systematically and empirically investigate the urgent question of the conscious use of affective architectural quality on human behaviour within the framework of an interdisciplinary research approach. First, the scientific TUM consortium “Architecture and Global Health” was founded with representatives from medicine, health sciences, psychology and architecture, which developed the research hypothesis. Together with students of the Faculty of Architecture, evidence from the literature was systematically investigated to proof the hypothesis. This Scope Review guided the students through important sources of a new literature world, namely architectural psychology. The results found were systematized and diagrammatically presented. The influence of daylight and its architecturally directed dosage alone produced numerous findings that show significant correlations: For example, a reduction in the feeling of privacy, a decrease in cancer mortality, the side effects of cancer therapy, the negative symptoms of depression, an increase in the activity of geriatric patients, an increase in the sense of community and social interaction and even an increase in the sense of well-being for the blind. But what does “architecturally directed dosage” mean? At this point the working group comes across very different and partly contradictory statements. The PAKARA model, which divides architecture into preventive, curative and rehabilitative influencing factors, helped to clarify the contradictions and to find out that the future of architectural interventions on human health behavior will be on prevention.